Herbal Vaporizers

  • Cannabis may be inhailed using a vaporizer.
  • The device extracts the active ingredients at a temperature at which the medicine dissolves without burning the plant material, allowing the patient to inhale the active ingredients without smoke.
  • When inhaled the effect is almost instantaneous (after a few moments/minutes). This method is preferred if instant relief is necessary.
  • This is also useful for patients who cannot swallow due to nausea.

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Sublingual Delivery

  • The sublingual (under the tongue) delivery method of an oil or tincture provides another rapid onset of action as the medication is readily absorbed into the blood system.
  • Tinctures are usually prepared in a base of alcohol, oil, or glycerol.
  • Many concentrated tinctures are taken by dropper under the tongue.
  • Other tinctures may be in a spray container and sprayed in the mouth to be absorbed in the oral cavity and thence into the bloodstream.
  • Many patients who never smoked cigarettes are more comfortable with this delivery method.

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Oral Ingestion

  • Taking Cannabis by mouth is much slower. This differs from person to person and is dependant on the individuals metabolism, as well as the "condition" of the stomach during consumption (empty or full).
  • This method is harder to control the dosage and is recommended the patient starts on a small dose and builds up over a period of time (days) to the desired level.
  • The maximum concentration of cannabinoids in the bloodstream appear 45 minuets to 2 hours after consuming.
  • In addition to pills, other options include edible cannabis products such as in tea, butter and cookies.
  • The advantage of the oral route is that it will last much longer, so a patient does not have to medicate as frequently

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Topical Application

  • Topical cannabis medicines are applied directly to the skin, entering the body tissues and allowing direct application to effected areas.
  • Cannabis oils can be infused into a balm, lotion, ointment or rubbing alcohol solution.
  • Topical cannabis preparations usually only provide local relief and do not produce a psychoactive effect.
  • These are used for anti-inflammatory and analgesic (pain relief).

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Dispersion

  • The medicine is absorbed then dispersed into the arterial system and transported throughout the body
  • Their concentration rises the quickest in tissues with high blood supply levels such as the brain, lungs, liver, and kidneys.
  • They are next absorbed through structures referred to as cannabinoid receptors that can be found literally all throughout the body. Located in the brain, liver, spleen, within bone marrow, and all throughout our skin cells amongst various other bodily structures.
  • Unlike almost every drug out on the market that is used to combat hunger, depression, injuries, cancer, and many other issues there are almost no reported negative consequences to the body when ingesting cannabis.

Responsible Use of Cannabis

  • Adults should only use cannabis medicinally as part of a healthy, balanced and responsible lifestyle
  • Medicinal cannabis users should be well informed about its effects on themselves and others. These effects include legal risks, health risks, and personal consequences
  • Avoid cannabis use that puts you or others at risk, such as when driving
  • Remember, use of cannabis is still illegal under state and federal law, and penalties may be harsh